Abortion issues in american politics today

Introduction This Project Rachel program is intended to reach out to women experiencing grief from the loss of a child by abortion, and to offer them reconciliation and healing. The Project Rachel messages do not speak about, or for, those women who have experienced only relief or satisfaction after abortion. But they can and do reflect — in their own words — women who have suffered because of their abortions.

Abortion issues in american politics today

Abortion issues in american politics today edit ] In ancient times, abortion, along with infanticidewas considered in the context of family planninggender selection, population control, and the property rights of the patriarch.

Then, as now, these discussions often concerned the nature of man, the existence of a soul, when life begins, and the beginning of human personhood. While the practice of infanticide as a form of family planning has largely been eradicated in developed countries, birth control and abortion are still practiced; and their morality and legality continues to be debated.

While modern debates about abortion retain some of the language of these older debates, the terminology has often acquired new meanings. Discussion of the putative personhood of the fetus may be complicated by the current legal status of children. Like children or minors in the U.

Abortion issues in american politics today

Ireland, although this treatment was amended by the Abortion Act of in England, Scotland and Wales. For example, the labels "pro-choice" and "pro-life" imply endorsement of widely held values such as liberty or the right to lifewhile suggesting that the opposition must be "anti-choice" or "anti-life" alternatively "pro-coercion" or "pro-death".

However, these terms do not always reflect a political view or fall along a binary; in one Public Religion Research Institute poll, seven in ten Americans described themselves as "pro-choice" while almost two-thirds described themselves as "pro-life".

Such appeals can generate confusion if the type of rights is not specified whether civilnaturalor otherwise or if it is simply assumed that the right appealed to takes precedence over all other competing rights an example of begging the question.

The appropriate terms with which to designate the human organism prior to birth are also debated. The medical terms " embryo " and " fetus " are seen by some pro-life advocates as dehumanizing[15] [16] while everyday terms such as "baby" are viewed as sentimental by some pro-choice advocates.

Adverse Psychological Reactions: A Fact Sheet | Project Rachel - attheheels.com

The use of the term "baby" to describe the unborn human organism is seen by some scholars as part of an effort to assign the organism agency. This assignation of agency functions to further the construction of fetal personhood. In politics, rights are the protections and privileges legally granted to citizens by the government.

In a democracy, certain rights are considered to be inalienableand thus not subject to grant or withdrawal by government. Regarding abortion lawthe political debate usually surrounds a right to privacyand when or how a government may regulate abortion[ citation needed ].

There is abundant debate regarding the extent of abortion regulation. Some pro-choice advocates argue that it should be illegal for governments to regulate abortion any more than other medical practices. In general the right to privacy can be found to rest on the provisions of habeas corpuswhich first found official expression under Henry II in 11th century England, but has precedent in Anglo-Saxon law.

This provision guarantees the right to freedom from arbitrary government interference, as well as due process of law. This conception of the right to privacy is operant in all countries which have adopted English common law through Acts of Reception.

The Law of the United States rests on English common law by this means. Time has stated that the issue of bodily privacy is "the core" of the abortion debate.

The landmark decision Roe v Wade relied on the 14th Amendment, which guarantees that federal rights shall be applied equally to all persons born in the United States. The 14th Amendment has given rise to the doctrine of Substantive due processwhich is said to guarantee various privacy rights, including the right to bodily integrity.

In Canada, the courts have located privacy rights in the security of persons clause of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Section 7 of that charter echoes language used in the Universal Declaration of Human Rightswhich also guarantees security of persons. While governments are allowed to invade the privacy of their citizens in some cases, they are expected to protect privacy in all cases lacking a compelling state interest.

In the US, the compelling state interest test has been developed in accordance with the standards of strict scrutiny.

Albert Wynn and Gloria Feldt at the U. Supreme Court to rally in support of Roe v. Abortion in the United States Roe v. Wade struck down state laws banning abortion in Over 20 cases have addressed abortion law in the United Statesall of which upheld Roe v.

Legal criticisms of the Roe decision address many points, among them are several suggesting that it is an overreach of judicial powers, [25] or that it was not properly based on the Constitution, [26] or that it is an example of judicial activism and that it should be overturned so that abortion law can be decided by legislatures.

Carhart as judicial activism. W]hatever the premises of opposition may be, only the most convincing justification under accepted standards of precedent could suffice to demonstrate that a later decision overruling the first was anything but a surrender to political pressure and an unjustified repudiation of the principle on which the Court staked its authority in the first instance.

Canadian judicial involvement[ edit ] Main article: Abortion in Canada With R v. Relying on the security of person clause of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedomsthe court determined that, while the state has an interest in protecting the fetus "at some point", this interest cannot override that of the pregnant woman because: Because the courts did not specifically establish abortion as a right, Parliament has leave to legislate on this aspect of the matter; and inthe Progressive Conservative government attempted to do just that.Joe Biden on Abortion: Outgoing Vice President; previously Democratic Senator (DE) Click here for 23 full quotes by Joe Biden OR click here for Joe Biden on other issues..

I . Latest election Campaign Issues, headlines and video, candidates' positions on the issues, fundraising totals, States to Watch news and analysis, and a unique side-by-side visual comparison. Women who have had an abortion have an 81% higher risk of subsequent mental health problems compared to women who have not had an abortion.

Women who aborted have a % higher risk of mental health problems compared to women who have given birth.

Abortion issues in american politics today

A Statement by the Catholic Bishops of the United States Now the word of the Lord came to me saying: Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born, I consecrated you; a prophet to the nations I appointed you.

Here are some facts that might surprise you. In , two years before Roe v. Wade legalized abortion, the biggest white evangelical group in America, the Southern Baptist Convention, supported.

Oct 17,  · Nearly six-in-ten Americans say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. Today, 58% of Americans say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, while 37% think abortion should be illegal in all or most cases.

Abortion: contenders' views