The Relationship between Church and State before the Reformation The interaction and relationship between the church and the state 3rd century After it separated from Judaism, Christianity became an illegal religion in Roman empire and was persecuted by emperors.
The State began to be involved in matters of the church. For example, Emperors called the councils which tried to settle the doctrinal unity of the church.
Apparently, Constantine and his sons intended to use the church as a means of unification of the empire. The popes turned to the rising power of the new peoples in the west to secure their independence from Constantinople. The church has an alliance with the Franks.
The Eastern church maintained the alliance with Eastern empire untill The mission work of the church made many states convert to Christianity, such as Kent of Britain.
The king needs the alliance with Pope and needs Pope to declare the king a legal emperor or authority. For instance, Pippin gave the land to the Pope as a gift for the alliance with the Pope. Another example, the Pope, Leo III placed a crown on Charlemagne and declared him to be the Holy Roman emperor because he conquered over Saxon tribes that were the threat of the church and forced them to convert to Christianity.
The Crusades was called by the Pope for a holy war. At this time, the military power of the church was stronger than the state so that it can protect not only the church, but also the state.
The Pope became the highest leaders of Europe. On the other hand, a series of councils were called by popes. Before this time, all the prior councils had been called and controlled by emperors.
Three theories of the relationship between the church and the state After the promotion of Christianity in the 4th C. The church had to develop political theologies to understand and regulate its relationship with the empire state.
The church cooperate with the state He looked positively on the Christian empire, and adopted the notion of a single society, which is under the guidance of the emperor, once the emperor had become Christian.
Empire promoted true religion and suppresses idolatry, and has responsibility for the Church. The Church has a limited degree of independence.
The Eastern churches tended to accept this theory. The church must be independent from the state He used Old Testament model of high priest and king to interpret the relation between bishop and emperor.
The church must be completely independent from the empire and cannot be controlled by the king, especially on doctrinal issues. For example, Ambrose called the king to repent for having ordered of a massacre.
Two kinds of invisible forms of human association There are two kinds of cities or forms of human association: City of God and the earthly city. The citizens of the City of God love God while those in the earthly city love self. Cities are defined by intention, are not visible social institutions.
The Christian church cannot be identified with the City of God on earth because it contains persons who are evil. The state need not be evil. The state has its own role within earthly temporal realm. Its goals are to secure the good, people life, and the church.
Christians can and even should work in the state to help the state achieve its goals.Church and state Lutheran theology has understood the relationship between church and state in terms of God’s two ways of ruling in the world (two “realms” or “kingdoms”).
The distinction is similar to that made by St. Augustine between the City of God and the City of the World. Rooting the analysis in the context of international patterns of church and state relations, the priorities of the Chinese government and the basic policy issues that have defined the development and the present status of relations between the Chinese.
The Struggle Between Two Sides: Church and State Essay - The separation of the state and church refers to the distinct distance in the relationship that exists between the . Relationship Between Church and State Essay Sample. The various protestant views of the relationship of the church and state from the ’s was: the state controls the church, church controls the state, and complete separation of the church and state.
It is a word that requires a descriptive analysis for each time period. Contrast the relationship between church and state in the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island The colonies of Massachusetts Bay had church and state as the same thing, while the colonies of Rhode Island kept the .
Church and State, relationship between the organized church and the government of a country, especially with regard to the extent of their powers within each other's sphere of activity..
The problem of church and state has come into relatively sharp focus in the tradition of Western Christianity, although the phrase designates a basic issue potentially present in many societies and religious.