Not only does the problem affect the victims of the crime; it also affects the juvenile delinquent's family, future, and society as a whole. Effects on the Victims The most obvious people affected by juvenile delinquency are the victims.
This is normally defined by the court of law. Delinquency on the other hand can be defined as the engaging in actions considered as being unlawful by the state. So basically, juvenile delinquency can mean any crime committed by a minor whether small like not going to school often or robbery and Murder.
Many researchers have agreed that delinquency is rampant among children living in difficult social, economic conditions. They view the problems as originating mainly from the family as the first socialization agent. They identified the main stressor to children as follows: The parent having a criminal record, children under child protection, parents having a semi skilled or no job, High debt levels, drug abuse by the parents, death of the household head, and illiteracy among others.
It was established that delinquent adolescents experienced dysfunctional family dynamics, greater anti social personality, higher depression tendencies and high impulsiveness in aggression.
More still they had been sexually abused and experienced streams of drug abuse among the family members p It has been reported that children who witness incidences of violence among their parents are likely to grow up tortured due their failure to address each and every development need of their child.
Violence may also lead in inconsistency in the style of parenting. Children may also imitate their abusive parents as a conflict resolution strategy either verbal or physical.
It is also reported that children who are exposed to several episodes of violence in the community or within the family are likely to become offers in their childhood through to their adulthood and hence an increase in Juvenile delinquency Laura L.
Finleyp59 Alcohol and substance abuse among the parents and within the larger community is yet another cause of juvenile delinquency. Children who sees their parents and close relatives abusing drugs and alcohol end up mimicking them. It has been reported that children in abusive families us the drugs in trying to escape the reality but in the long run fail to contain the effects of the drug and thus committing crimes under the influence a factor that the family instilled in the child Laura L.
According to Hon-su Kim, yon-sil Kim Childhood sexual violation is yet another aspect of juvenile delinquency in children. This is brought about by emotional, familial, mental and social problems which include sexual dysfunction, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorders and sexual acting Swenson and Hanson, Children who have undergone through the above mentioned tend to result into immoral delinquent behaviors either consciously or unconsciously as a means of either displacement of as a means of life to counteract the horrific experiences.
Alcoholism in the family has been referred to as a cultural aspect that leads to delinquency. In the older African culture where husbands were allowed to marry many wives and all they did was just eat sleep and father children an aspect that did not go down well with the young men as they lacked guidance on what is and what is not morally approved in the society as they had lost a father figure to Alcoholism a factor that introduced the young men to alcoholism, joining Gangs which later committed crimes and so on.
Apart from Alcoholism and violence in the family it has also been argued that a family that lacks proper parenting skills may lead to a delinquency among their children.
Parents who lack efficacy may end up producing delinquent children as they lack a role model to look up to. It is argued that delinquency can only reduce in such families if at list one parent is able to step up his or her efficacy and thus maintain a structure of morality.
One of the most causes of juvenile delinquency in the American society to day is family break ups caused by Alcoholism and abusive marriages.
It is reported that the parents act as informal agents to control the moral fiber in the family but once it breaks the children are left with the liberty to do whatever is pleasant to them Larry J.
According to Larry and Brandon family conflict is yet another cause of juvenile delinquency. They talk about not all marriages ending up in divorce but instead reoccurring in the family. The duo talks of interfamily conflict as being a common future in the American family today. Modern researchers have supported his view by saying that children who are brought up in homes that witness violence and discord later exhibit emotional and behavior disturbances.
The researchers have thus formed a clear link between hostility, family conflict and delinquency Larry J.
Juvenile delinquency, does family status play a role? The status of the family is one of the major factors that contribute to the juvenile delinquency.
According to Braithwaitethe juveniles from the lower class commit crimes at a high rate than the juveniles from the middle class. These differences are brought about by the differences in the level of income between these two classes.
The lower class is associated with low income while the middle class is stable economically. For instance, the children The high rate of juvenile delinquency associated with the children from the families associated with poverty can be viewed from different dimensions.
First, parents from the poor families cannot satisfy the needs of their children adequately.
This children are therefore prone to stress and depression.The Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Unit Structure By definition, an intact home is a two-parent (one male, one female) structure.
Any deviation from this, regardless of reason (e.g., death, divorce, separation or. 13) Kevin N. Wright and Karen E.
Wright, “Family Life and Delinquency and Crime: A Policymaker’s Guide to the Literature,” prepared under interagency agreement between the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and the Bureau of Justice Assistance of the U.S.
Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Shay Bilchik, Administrator September Family Disruption and Delinquency Finally, the effects of gender, family poverty, family structure at the beginning of the study, parental supervi-sion, and earlier delinquency or drug use were controlled when the relationships.
The Effects of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a big problem in the United States, where 45, minors were incarcerated in residential facilities for juveniles in In fact, about 17% of all the people arrested in the United States are under the age of 2 ABSTRACT The Effects of Family Structure on Juvenile Delinquency by Alisha Parks Studies show that family structure is an important factor in explaining delinquency.
family structure and its effects on juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency refers to the term given to children who have not attained the .