Kennedy had his life taken.
Print this page The 'gravest issues' Early on Tuesday 16 OctoberJohn F Kennedy's national security assistant, McGeorge Bundy, brought to the President's bedroom some high-altitude photographs taken from U-2 planes flying over Cuba.
They showed Soviet soldiers hurriedly and secretly setting up nuclear-armed missiles. For some time previously the Soviets had openly been sending weaponry to Cuba, including surface-to-air anti-aircraft missiles SAMs.
To deflect any criticism about this from the Republicans, who were busy campaigning for the November congressional elections, Kennedy had said he would not protest about such defensive weaponry being installed in Cuba, but warned that if the Soviets ever introduced offensive weapons, 'the gravest issues would arise.
Since Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev had promised repeatedly not to send offensive weapons to Cuba, and America's top intelligence analysts had predicted that he would keep his word, Kennedy felt safe in voicing this warning.
The U-2 photographs, however, showed that Khrushchev had been lying. The 'gravest issues' were at hand. The United States at the time had more than 25, nuclear weapons in their arsenal.
The Soviet Union had not quite half as many. Kennedy's predecessor, Dwight Eisenhower, had calculated in that, if a crisis led either side to fire nuclear weapons, all humans in the northern hemisphere could perish. Early in his presidency, Kennedy had had to make a decision about a CIA plan to land Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs, in Cuba, with the hope that these exiles would overthrow Cuba's Communist government, headed by Fidel Castro.
Kennedy had asked for advice about this from only a handful of people - those he knew he was officially obliged to consult.
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The operation proved to be a fiasco, and afterwards Kennedy had resolved in future to consult more widely. Included in the ExComm were the regular participants in National Security Council meetings, plus Kennedy's brother, the attorney general Robert Kennedy, and the President's chief speechwriter, the White House counsel Theodore Sorensen.
Both of these men could help Kennedy to think about the domestic political aspects of the crisis. The President also invited several other key advisors to join the group: C Douglas Dillon, who had held high posts under Eisenhower and who gave Kennedy a link to the Republican leadership; Dean Acheson and Robert Lovett, who had served under President Harry Truman and could help Kennedy see the current crisis in longer historical perspective; and a former ambassador to the Soviet Union, Llewellyn Tommy Thompson, probably the person in the President's circle who was best acquainted with Khrushchev.
We know today exactly what was said in the meetings of the ExComm, because Kennedy had a tape recorder installed in an unused part of the White House basement We know today exactly what was said in the meetings of the ExComm, because Kennedy had a tape recorder installed in an unused part of the White House basement, with wires running to concealed microphones in the Oval Office and Cabinet Room.
He had told no one about this other than his private secretary, the two guards who maintained the machines, and perhaps his brother, Robert.
Since he kept it on through almost all ExComm meetings, anyone today can listen in on the proceedings. Top Quarantine In the first day's debates, everyone favoured bombing Cuba. The only differences concerned the scale of attack. Kennedy, Bundy, and some others spoke of a 'surgical strike' solely against the missile sites.
Others joined the chiefs of staff in insisting that an attack should also take out air defence sites and bombers, so as to limit losses of US aircraft and prevent an immediate air reprisal against US bases in Florida. The under secretary of state, George Ball, had commented that a US surprise attack on Cuba would be ' It's the kind of conduct that one might expect of the Soviet Union.
It is not conduct that one expects of the United States.John F. Kennedy is said to have wondered how a man could conceive of seeking the job of the president when the problems were obviously bigger than mortal man should have to handle.
It can only be done through people in an environment where they can do their best. Oct 29, · Elected in as the 35th president of the United States, year-old John F.
Kennedy became the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic to hold that office. He was born into one of America.
John F. Kennedy also played a role in situational leadership where he had to loosen his management approach to every circumstance. He considered being successful with the authoritative leadership style when he was the “inhabitant specialist.” (Lewis J.
Paper, ). Elected in as the 35th president of the United States, year-old John F. Kennedy became the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic to hold that office. He was born into one of America. John F.
Kennedy was the thirty-fifth president of the United States. He was the first president to reach for the moon, through the nation's space programs. Nov 22, · Lead like John F.
Kennedy. By Larry J. Sabato. November 20, In this series, biographers explain the leadership style, defining personal .