The famine generates political unrest and peasant revolts against the Japanese and remnants of French colonial society. Ho Chi Minh capitalizes on the turmoil by successfully spreading his Viet Minh movement. Vietnam is considered a minor item on the agenda. In order to disarm the Japanese in Vietnam, the Allies divide the country in half at the 16th parallel.
This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries.
The Viet Cong also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLFa lightly armed South Vietnamese communist common front directed by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region.
The People's Army of Vietnam a. In the course of the war, the U. This was part of a wider strategy of containment, which aimed at stopping the spread of communism.
According to the U. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam under communist rule. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war, fought initially against forces from France and then America, as France was backed by the U.
Beginning inAmerican military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina. Operations crossed international borders: The Tet Offensive failed in its goal of overthrowing the South Vietnamese government but became the turning point in the war, as it showed that South Vietnam was unable to fend for itself against the North, despite many years of massive U.
As the point of U. Despite the Paris Peace Accords, which was signed by all parties in Januarythe fighting continued. This movement was both part of a larger Counterculture of the s and also fed into it.
The capture of Saigon at the hands of the North Vietnamese Army in April marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.
With the cold war at its height, the US leaders were worried that an attack on North Vietnam by the US would create tensions with the Chinese and Russians that would, in turn, lead to a larger conflict . When the Vietnam war ended in , North and South Vietnam became a united country. However after the Korean War, Korea was two seperate states and peace was sought by a ceasefire which saw the creation of a permanent border (slightly north of the 38th Parallel) and a demilitarisation zone between the two sides. Oct 29, · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The conflict was intensified by the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities. Estimates of the number of Vietnamese service members and civilians killed vary fromto 3. Some ,—, Cambodians, 20,—, Laotians, and 58, U.The student identifies key individuals in North and South Vietnam during the determining U.S. involvement in armed conflicts.
d. The student will understand the influence of public opinion on policy about United States involvement in the Vietnam War.
c. Oct 29, · The Vietnam War was a long, costly and divisive conflict that pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States.
The conflict was intensified by the ongoing Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Jun 03, · In , troops were withdrawn when a "cease fire" was signed between North and South Vietnam. However, the US continued to provide advisors and military equipment and air and naval assistance to the attheheels.com: Resolved.
“While the conflict is largely remembered as a contest between North and South Vietnam with the United States intervening on behalf of the latter, both factions enjoyed considerable help from a host of other world powers both large and small.”. s and early s: The Vietnam War With a goal of stopping the spread of communism (policy of containment) in Southeast Asia – the United States replaced France in South Vietnam after France was unable to keep Vietnam as a colony.
However, South Vietnam continued to experience political instability and military losses to North Vietnam. By August, , the Johnson Administration believed that escalation of the U.S.
presence in Vietnam was the only solution.