Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine. THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution. RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.
Most of the organized efforts supporting prohibition involved religious coalitions that linked alcohol to immorality, criminality, and, with the advent of World War Iunpatriotic citizenship.
The amendment passed both chambers of the U. Congress in December and was ratified by the requisite three-fourths of the states in January Its language called for Congress to pass enforcement legislation, and this was championed by Andrew Volstead, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, who engineered passage of the National Prohibition Act commonly referred to as the Volstead Act.
Neither the Volstead Act nor the Amendment was enforced with great success.
Indeed, entire illegal economies bootleggingspeakeasies, and distilling operations flourished. The public appetite for alcohol remained and was only intensified with the stock market crash of In Marchshortly after taking office, Pres.
Roosevelt signed the Cullen-Harrison Actwhich amended the Volstead Act, permitting the manufacturing and sale of low-alcohol beer and wines up to 3. Nine months later, on Dec.
The Eighteenth Amendment is the only amendment to have secured ratification and later been repealed. The full text of the Amendment is: Section 1—After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Section 2—The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 3—This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Eighteenth Amendment - Prohibition of Intoxicating Liquors. Amendment Text | Annotations Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction .
Eighteenth Amendment, amendment () to the Constitution of the United States imposing the federal prohibition of alcohol. Eighteenth Amendment The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S.
Constitution, ratified in Amendment XVIII Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is .
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed by Congress on December 18, It was ratified January 16, It was later repealed by Amendment XXI Article I, section 3, of the Constitution was modified by Amendment XVIII.
Note: The following text is a transcription of. Amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America. Articles in addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the several states, pursuant to the Fifth Article of .
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people. Amendment XI (The proposed amendment was sent to the states Mar.
5, , by the Third Congress.