The earliest recorded German immigrants to Louisiana arrived inand Germans continue to arrive every year, especially in the New Orleans area. The fact that residents of German descent actually comprise Louisiana's largest cultural group is often overlooked, and it has only been in the last decade that scholarly forays have been made into this history. Courtesy of Stewart Eastman.
Results of the campaign of Introduction A prolonged two-front war was a nightmare scenario for German military strategists in Yet policies formulated by Bismarck in the s ensured that Germany did face threats on both its eastern and western frontiers.
In addition, his alliance with Austria-Hungary in ultimately led to a hostile Russia and thus to the Franco-Russian alliance.
This essay examines why Germany adopted and kept these policies and also details what results they had in military campaign of The unification of Germany under Prussian leadership in made Bismarck chancellor and chief policy arbitrator for all Germany. An alliance with Russia was thus an affair of the heart.
Adopting the same policy that he had denounced while in opposition, Bismarck negotiated a bilateral treaty of alliance with the Habsburg Empire in To Wilhelm, the tsar was an old friend while the Habsburgs were a dynastic rival. The actual provisions of the treaty applied only in the event of an unprovoked Russian attack.
But the treaty demonstrated that when push came to shove, Germany would choose Austria-Hungary over Russia. The stage was thus set for the eventual break with Russia and for the Franco-Russian alliance.
Choosing a weaker partner over a stronger one might seem self-defeating, but the Iron Chancellor had his reasons. Doubters were told that the weakened Habsburg empire was in danger of collapse. If that occurred, the ethnic Germans of Austria-Hungary would asked to be annexed by Germany.
Worse yet, the breakup of the Habsburg Empire would open what Bismarck referred to as the "insoluble problem" of Bohemia.
German nationalists would be outraged if the large ethnic German minority in this region was left outside the Reich.
The central question of Germany foreign policy in this period was, should Germans look west to liberal Britain or east to reactionary Russia? Committing to one or the other would necessarily alienate a segment of German society. The alliance with Austria-Hungary had no such divisive consequences.
But bywith riots and police crackdowns mounting, the view that the Habsburg Empire was on the the verge of disintegration was a widely held one. The empire now had seven major separatist movements. The imperial diet was scene of chaotic demonstrations and debilitating national rivalries.
The government routinely resorted to rule by decree, in theory an emergency procedure. If an independent Poland was carved out of the Russian Empire, the ethnic Poles of eastern Germany would agitate to join such a state.
Although still overwhelmingly rural, Russia experienced a rapid industrialization starting around Thus, the Austro-German alliance inevitably led to a rift between Germany and Russia. If Germany was looking for allies against Russia, Britain would seem a logical first choice.
So Bismarck asked what Britain would do in the event of a conflict between Germany and Russia over the Balkans. But if Germany had accepted this British proposal, the German army would have made short work of Russia in the event of Russo-German war.Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
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Introduction "Modern art" is a broad term which refers to art produced during the years Some historians prefer to limit "modern art" to the 20th century, but, it is more customary to take Impressionism as the starting point, while the s are usually seen as the transition between "modern art" and its successor "postmodernist art".
American Jewish history commenced in with the expulsion of Jews from Spain. This action set off a period of intense Jewish migration. Seeking to escape the clutches of the Holy Inquisition, some Jews in the sixteenth century sought refuge in the young Calvinist republic of The Netherlands.
A time line from before writing began to the present, linked to Andrew Roberts' book Social Science History and to other resources.
about ,, years ago early seaweed formed.. Molecular clock methods indicate that red and green algae arose around 1,,, years ago, and the secondary symbiosis that eventually led to the chromists occurred around 1,,, years ago during the late Mesoproterzoic era, after the earth's transition to a more highly oxygenated atmosphere with an ozone screen.