But how many of you really and fully understand drug addiction? How does one become an addict?
That difference is key to understanding the role of genetics in addiction, and whether addiction is a question of nature versus nurture – or, to put it a better way, how much of addiction is nature versus nurture. Home Alcohol Addiction Alcoholism Nature vs. Nurture. Table of Contents: Genetic Concerns; In fact, it could play an important role in both the introduction to alcohol and the choice to keep drinking. Environmental Factors. While children may very well inherit genes from their parents that put them at risk for an alcohol addiction issue. In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting usually takes more than good intentions or a strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that make quitting hard, even for those who want to. many people who use drugs continue to take them, which is the nature of addiction. For information about understanding drug use and.
Nurture Does an addiction begin due to a signal from the genes? Or does an addiction begin due to something a person encounters in their environment? These are questions that researchers and doctors have been trying to answer for years.
They could be questions that have a deep impact on how people are treated for their addictions. After all, if genes cause addictionsperhaps medications could keep them from forming.
If a certain type of life causes an addiction, perhaps coaching about healthy choices could keep people safe. It is likely that researchers will continue to debate about this issue in the months and years to come.
There are both physical changes and psychological changes involved in an addiction. Both are powerful, and both can be quite damaging. These little bits of code that are passed down from parents to children determine all sorts of factors, including skin color, eye color, and hair color.
These are not things that can be changed through therapy. They can be altered with cosmetics, but the genes will continue to push their agenda as long as the person is alive.
The genes that are responsible for addiction are much like that. A person could learn to ignore them, but they will still be there, pushing an agenda.
The difficulty with addiction genes is that there are so many different genes at work in an addiction. There is not one specific gene that could be amended or removed to lower addiction risk. There are many different types of genes all working together that can influence whether someone: Starts using Continues to use Feels few consequences due to use Most of those steps are required in the path to an addiction.
Genes may play a role in smoothing that path. They can just taste a little bit more, and that could play a role in the addiction process.
Someone who is a supertaster might not enjoy a substance like beer, simply because it tastes bitter. That person might be protected from alcoholism, as alcohol tastes bad. On the flip side, a supertaster might really enjoy the complexity of a drink like scotch, and that could spark a need to drink quite a bit.
Similarly, there are genes that influence the consequences of the use and abuse of substances. The University of Utah suggests, for example, that there is a gene that can cause less severe withdrawal symptoms from drugs like barbiturates.
This is a gene that could, in theory, allow people to take in more barbiturates and avoid the nasty physical symptoms that could make them quit use.
They never feel bad, so they may never quit. A person with a set of genes that makes substance abuse pleasant, combined with genes that blunt the nasty side of substance abuse, could be a person that develops a very real and very persistent substance abuse problem in time.
It could be said, quite fairly, that the genes are to blame. Research in this field suggests, very clearly, that there is a nature part to the addiction process. Anecdotal evidence also suggests that there is a genetic component to addiction.One way that scientists have separated nature and nurture in addiction causation studies is by looking at the incidence of addiction among adopted children and twins (especially identical twins.
Whenever the nature versus nurture argument is made, it soon becomes clear that it is usually quite difficult to completely separate the two. For example, some might say that drug addiction is a result of family genetic history. Created Date: 7/15/ PM. The nature versus nurture debate is one of the central questions which modern science is trying to answer.
The question arises as to why some people become addicted to alcohol and drugs, but others do not.
In reality, drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting usually takes more than good intentions or a strong will. Drugs change the brain in ways that make quitting hard, even for those who want to.
many people who use drugs continue to take them, which is the nature of addiction. For information about understanding drug use and. The nature vs. nurture debate is the scientific, cultural, and philosophical debate about whether human culture, behavior, and personality are caused primarily by nature or nurture..